All In The Family – Passing The Cottage To The Next Generation


As parents age, they may think about transferring assets and family heirlooms to their children. Often, one such heirloom is the family cottage. Summer vacations at the family cottage are among the most memorable and cherished of times, holding deep sentimental value for parents.

Not surprisingly, many parents want the family cottage to stay in the family for future generations. It’s important to understand the issues surrounding the transition of such an asset to the next generation. This article highlights issues to consider, including income tax implications and options available.

Let’s use an example for the typical issues parents must consider in transitioning the family cottage. Mary, 68, and John, 65, are married with two adult children. Mary and John own a family home and a cottage, which was purchased 22 years ago. Recently retired, they are considering options to keep the cottage in the family, ensuring their legacy lives on.


First, Mary and John need to have a conversation with their children to determine what is in everyone’s best interests. Are the children interested in keeping the cottage? Will they be able to pay the costs to maintain the cottage? What if only one child is interested in the cottage but cannot afford the costs? What if both children want to share the cottage? How can Mary and John ensure the enjoyment and costs are evenly divided between the children? How can conflicts be resolved?

Mary and John must have an open discussion with their children, expressing their desire to keep the cottage in the family as their legacy. At the same time, Mary and John need to listen to their children’s wishes regarding the cottage. The costs and responsibilities associated with cottage ownership must be discussed, especially if the parents will not be financially contributing to cottage upkeep.

Assuming Mary, John and their children all agree the cottage should remain in the family, several options are available to transition the cottage to the children, each with its own tax implications and other considerations.

CLICK HERE to read the full article and to learn more!

For more information:

Lavanya Sarathchandran
Marketing and Communications Manager
Phone: 416-798-6929   

Lavanya Sarathchandran
Marketing and Communications Manager
Phone: 416-798-6929   

Reporting Requirements for Trusts

Note: This is an update to a Segal GCSE LLP article that was originally published on January 17, 2022

The Department of Finance recently provided clarification on the new 2022 reporting requirements for Trusts which would normally be due by March 31, 2023. The reporting applies to express Trusts resident in Canada, all non-resident trusts that currently must file a T3 return and Bare trusts.

Most noteworthy is the change in reporting for Bare trusts. This is a new requirement for a commonly used structure that previously was not disclosed to the CRA. Please see below for a detailed explanation of Bare trusts and the types of situations that will be caught under the new rules.

To ensure compliance with the beneficial ownership requirements, CRA can assess substantial penalties up to 5% of the maximum value of property if they believe a taxpayer knowingly withheld this information. This is of particular concern for real estate Bare Trustee situations.  If the property being held has a value of $50 Million and the penalty clause applies, the penalty could be $2.5 Million.

1. What is an express trust?

An express trust is generally a trust created with the settlor’s express intent, usually made in writing (as opposed to a resulting or constructive trust, or certain trusts deemed to arise under the provision of a statute).

The Exceptions are:

  • Certain regulated trusts, such as a lawyer’s general trust account
  • Trusts that qualify as non-profit organizations or registered charities
  • Mutual fund trusts, segregated funds, and master trusts
  • Trusts whose units are all listed on a designated stock exchange
  • Graduated rate estates
  • Qualified disability trusts
  • Employee life and health trusts
  • Certain government funded trusts
  • Trusts under or governed by certain registered plans
  • Trusts under an employee profit sharing plan
  • Trusts under a first-time home savings account
  • Cemetery care trusts and trusts governed by eligible funeral arrangements

2. What is a Bare trust?

A bare trust exists where a person (i.e., the trustee) has legal title to property and has no other duty to perform or responsibilities to carry out as trustee, in relation to the property vested in the trust.

The sole duty of a bare trustee would be to convey legal title to the trust property on demand and according to the instructions of the beneficiary as provided for within the trust deed. The bare trustee does not have any independent power, discretion or responsibility pertaining to the trust property. In such cases, the beneficial owner retains the right to control and direct the trustee in all matters relating to the trust property.

Bare trusts are commonly used in variety of situations such as:

  • Holding investments (e.g., public company shares) in trust for another individual (e.g., a minor)
  • Holding legal title to real estate as part of corporate reorganizations and joint venture arrangements
  • Shelter assets from estate administration tax (i.e., probate) as part of estate planning

Historically, bare trusts have not been disclosed to the CRA. Instead, all income (losses) and capital gains (losses) in respect of the property have been reported by the settlor/beneficial owner in their tax filings.

Under the new reporting rules, all of the above situations will now be caught and give rise to a T3 return filing requirement. Please note that these rules relate to the disclosure of bare trusts and will not change the income tax treatment and income tax filing requirements of bare trusts. The disclosure requirement is on top of the normal tax filing requirements.

If you have any “in trust” accounts or bare trustee arrangements, please notify your Segal GCSE advisor as soon as possible.

3. What are the new T3 Filing Requirements?

Historically, a trust resident in Canada did not need to file an annual T3 return unless there was tax payable by the trust for the year or the trust disposed of capital property. In addition, trusts did not need to file a T3 return where nominal income was earned by a trust and allocated to Canadian resident beneficiaries.

Under the new rules, most personal trusts resident in Canada will have to file an annual T3 return regardless of the level of activity and the fact that no income taxes are payable for the year.

The Exceptions to these general rules will apply to the following situations:

  • Trusts that have been in existence for less than three months
  • Trusts that hold less than $50,000 in assets throughout the taxation year (the assets can only be cash, certain debt obligations and listed securities)

4. What additional information will have to be provided?

For 2022 and subsequent taxation years, all express trusts resident in Canada (with exceptions noted previously), non-resident trusts that currently have to file a T3 return and bare trusts will need to report the name, address, birth date, jurisdiction of residence and identification number (SIN or Foreign ID) of:

  • trustees,
  • beneficiaries
  • settlor of the trust
  • each person who has the ability (through the trust terms or a related agreement) to exert control or override trustee decisions over the appointment of income or capital of the trust (e.g., a protector)

5. How will the trust provide the additional information?

A trust will have to file a new schedule with its T3 return to report the additional information regarding its beneficial owners, that is, the identity of all trustees, beneficiaries and the settlor of the trust, along with each person who has the ability (through the trust terms or a related agreement), to exert control or override trustee decisions over the appointment of income or capital of the trust (e.g., a protector).

Further information about the new schedule will be posted on when it is available.

6. What happens if a trust fails to file the T3 return or forgets to provide the additional information?

For 2022 and subsequent taxation years, a penalty will apply if a trust that has to file a T3 return fails to do so or fails to provide the additional information about the beneficial ownership.

The penalty will be equal to $25 for each day of delinquency, with a minimum penalty of $100 and a maximum penalty of $2,500.

If a failure to file the return was made knowingly, or due to gross negligence, an additional penalty will apply. The additional penalty will be equal to 5% of the maximum value of property held during the relevant year by the trust, with a minimum penalty of $2,500. As well, existing penalties in respect of the T3 return will continue to apply.

As an example, assume a corporate bare trustee holds legal title to commercial real estate with a fair market value of $50 million in 2022. The beneficial owner of the property decides that they do not want to disclose the required information in a T3 Trust filing. In this situation, CRA can assess a penalty of $2,500 if the T3 return is not filed within 100 days of the trust filing deadline. As well, CRA can assess an additional penalty of $2.5 million (i.e., $50 million x 5% of the maximum value of the property held during 2022).

Please contact a Segal GCSE representative if you have any questions.

Administrative Assistant

Segal GCSE LLP is a rapidly growing mid-size accounting, tax and business advisory firm situated in midtown Toronto. Our firm is committed to growth by investing in our team, providing continuous learning and a positive, supportive work environment, all with a focus on providing clients best in class client service.


  • Format, proofread and assemble compilation, review and audited financial statements using Caseware/Caseview and the tasks related to the preparation and assembly of financial statement packages.
  • Preparation of financial statements, trusts and other annual filing and reports for clients.
  • E-file corporate tax returns and monitor status and acknowledgements.
  • Supporting processes to ensure accurate client and engagement management data and filing engagement documentation a paperless environment.
  • Generate and finalize work in process and billing for multiple partners and managers.
  • As a part of the service team, responsible for supporting the firm’s partners and first-line client service including responding to team and client inquiries.
  • Prepare and edit reports, proposals, marketing materials and other communications.
  • General administrative functions including occasional back-up for Operations team as required during year
  • Relieve Receptionist, as necessary.
  • Provide general administrative support to partners and team members.
  • Other duties, as required.


  • Minimum of 3 years’ relevant work experience in a public accounting firm.
  • Graduate of an Office Administration Program, or the equivalent combination of education and/or related experience.
  • Advanced knowledge of Microsoft Office software including Word, Excel, and PowerPoint. Experience creating charts and diagrams with Visio an asset.
  • Demonstrated proficiency with Caseware, Caseview and TaxPrep or similar software.
  • Strong written and verbal communication skills, including spelling, grammatical and proof-reading ability.
  • Superior organization and time management skills.
  • Good judgement and analytical skills, with a focus on attention to detail.
  • Excellent interpersonal skills and demonstrated ability to effectively work with others by sharing information and providing peers with assistance as needed.
  • Experience working with professionals in a fast-paced environment, with tight deadlines.
  • Flexible and able to work overtime during peak periods.
  • Strives to deliver an exceptional client service experience.

This position represents a significant opportunity for those looking to advance their career by playing a major role in a growing organization, and who have the curiosity and interest in exposure to a broad range of clients, industries, and assignments.

To submit your resume for this position, please contact us by email here.

Manager, Assurance

As a Manager on Segal GCSE’s assurance team, you will focus on supporting entrepreneurial business owners in a diverse range of industries. You are a self-managed professional motivated to provide clients an outstanding level of client service within a team-based environment.

Key Responsibilities

  • In consultation with partners and engagement teams, plans, organizes, and controls multiple responsibilities and resources to achieve Audit, Review and Notice to Reader engagement objectives.
  • Reviews engagement file, financial statements, and appropriate income tax returns
  • Review of corporate tax returns; identify and propose solutions to corporate tax issues.
  • Participate in performing assurance procedures with a focus on the most current standards.
  • Monitors multiple projects and deadlines
  • Builds and nurtures strong working relationships with clients, peers, and team.
  • Delegates effectively and contributes to a motivated and empowered work team. Shares and transfers knowledge within the team.
  • Develops an understanding of the client’s industry and opportunities, issues and trends that impact their market or sector
  • Develops people by encouraging continuous learning, delegating effectively, and supporting the team to take ownership and accountability to clients and their colleagues. Leads by example
  • Generate new business opportunities.

Professional Skills, Attributes and Education

  • Canadian CPA/CA designation or reciprocal CPA/CA designation recognized with CPA is mandatory
  • Minimum of 5 to 7 years of relevant experience in an accounting firm
  • Demonstrated technical knowledge and skills with experience in all reporting standards and Canadian personal and corporate tax
  • Excellent project management skills
  • Advanced written and verbal communication skills
  • Strong interpersonal and relationship building skills
  • The ability to lead, coach, motivate and direct a team of people
  • Team player with a positive ‘can do’ approach
  • Creative problem solving and experience in delivery of quality client service

This position represents a significant opportunity for those looking to advance their career by playing a major role in a growing organization, and who have the curiosity and interest in exposure to a broad range of clients, industries, and assignments.

To submit your resume for this position, please contact us by email here.

2022/23 Tax Series for Accountants

Featuring tax partner Howard L. Wasserman, Segal GCSE’s 2022/23 Tax Series for Accountants is just a few months away. Covering a wide-ranging scope of tax, financial and business matters, these seminars offer the perfect opportunity to gain valuable knowledge and insight, further empowering you to provide even greater value to your clients. We invite all tax and finance professionals to take full advantage of this unique learning opportunity!


Topics to be covered include:

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